The term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was first used in 1956 but thanks to the researches and development over the years it is now a common term. From Bixby to Siri and computer operated games, artificial intelligence has evolved to the point that it is immersed into our lives unknowingly.
The most common way to recognize them is that they imitate human beings and the machines are always evolving as they learn from experiences. Another way to recognize them is through activities they perform which can be speech recognition, learning, planning and problem solving.
Artificial intelligence is on hype these days with every company running after acquiring it for their own specific purpose. Google is using Artificial Intelligence to diagnose heart diseases accurately and quickly, Hedge funds by means of Artificial Intelligence are trying to beat the stock market and the American Express is deploying Artificial Intelligence bots to offer service to its online customers. There have been over 154,000 artificial Intelligence patents filed worldwide since 2010. Also the category has grown from 2013-2018 by thirty-four per cent annually. Researchers and scientist are now working towards developing AI machines that specialize in not only one but multiple tasks.
Technological learning dominates the Artificial Intelligence landscape today, leading all types of AI patents neural networks and deep learning where Microsoft is among the leaders in the cyber security, Cloud and Artificial based digital security patents. Today it seems like Artificial Intelligence might not grow that much but there is a looming promise of Artificial Intelligence impact on global economy for years to come. AI is expected to 1.2% annual GDP growth over the next decade. That figure in itself proves that the hype of Artificial Intelligence might just be justified.
The AI bots that just do one specialized tasks are known as “narrow”. These narrow AI bots are everywhere from the recommendations online to the GPS system. But the main goal for AI is to be artificial general intelligence, which stands to be a self-teaching system that could out-perform humans across an extensive range of discipline. Some scientists believe it to be thirty years away and others suggest centuries.
With the evolving AI technology an important question that arises is that what will happen if the quest for AI succeeds and an AI system becomes better than human are at all cognitive tasks. There is a mix of answers to this question, I.J. Good pointed out in 1965 that AI itself is a cognitive task. Such a system could undergo recursive improvement leaving human intelligence far behind. By inventing revolutionary technological machines such as super-intelligence which could help eradicates diseases, war and poverty. AI machines are also likely to to take over jobs that are dangerous for human beings such as firefighting, mining, deep-sea oil drilling, construction and other jobs. Jobs with high mortality rates will be replaced by these machines as they can’t get sick or hurt. Many economists believe that the world might be a brighter place with machines taking over the hazardous and dull jobs. AI’s will also cater to the common human beings; it will work furiously to keep them healthy. The sensors of AI bots around will constantly monitor them and test their breath for early signs of cancer and nanobots will swim through the blood stream consuming the infections and dissolving blood clots before they can cause a stroke or heart attack. They will continuously check the immune responses and the diet while developing a long-range picture of the health for the doctors who can analyses what is happening inside the body. These bots will also be able to serve as a medical assistant on duty 24/7.
The other perspective of scientists about Artificial Intelligence is that it will take away jobs from people – millions of jobs! The menial task workers will be the most effected as drivers, radiologists, insurance drivers and many more. The task can be performed efficiently and in less cost by AI bots and not human force. In one possible circumstance it will lead to the government to pay the unemployed civilians a universal basic income, freeing them to pursue their dreams leaving behind the burden to earn a living. On the other hand it could create a huge stats gap of inequalities, cries and chaos around the world. But the revolution will go on.
David Chalmers, a professor of philosophy at New York University.
“If the world is taken over by unconscious robots, that would be about as disastrous and bleak a scenario as one could imagine.”
He is not the only one to say this two of the biggest techno-jacks Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking have also warned of hazards if the growth and evolution of artificial intelligence is not controlled.
Elon Musk described AI as an “existential threat” to humanity, meaning that it could erase mankind from the universe entirely.
Self-directed weapons are AI systems that are programmed to execute. If a wrong person gets access to these weapons then they can cause mass causalities. Furthermore, an artificial intelligence arms race could lead to a war that could destroy generations. To avoid being threatened by the enemy these weapons are being designed in such a way that it would be extremely difficult to simply turn-off so humans can possibly lose control of such a situation. The risk is present even with narrow artificial intelligent machines but as technology evolves and autonomy increases.
Similarly when an AI is programmed to do something favorable but if it develops a damaging way to complete its goal then it can cause harm. This can happen when it fails to fully align the AI’s goal with theirs which is strikingly difficult. For e.g. if an AI car to take a passenger to the airport as fast as possible it might get the passenger there but in that process it will break a lot of rules of the system, possibly causing an accident as well.
The evolution has started and the hype has been developed. The fears and hopes balance the debates and only time will tell what it has in store regarding Artificial intelligence.